This format is commonly used in the communicative approach to teaching EFL and traditionally, PPP is kept in sequential order. Presentation is the time to present the new grammar or target language for the lesson. While the presentation is your chance to teach the fundamentals for the lesson, you should not spend the bulk of your class time here! Try to keep grammar explanations and white board scribbling as clear and concise as possible. Check for understanding and move on swiftly to practice.
This is where your focus should be. Controlled practice is your time to have students model the target language and allows for error correction. Drills, gap-fills and sentence matching activities all work well here.
And finally, production is where students can be a bit more creative in their use of the target language. Open-ended activities like role-plays, games, interviews and discussions allow students to use the language to communicate and express their ideas freely.
While some may argue that it’s a bit old school, PPP is still a great foundation to keep in mind when lesson planning for your EFL classroom because it gives students the tools, practice and creativity to acquire and use language. As you gain experience teaching, you will be able to change and adapt the PPP format to your needs.
This post was written by Rachel Spillane.