One of the most remote countries in the Western hemisphere, Bolivia is a land of adventure. From ancient Incan trails to riveting Andean landscapes, this landlocked nation provides plenty to discover. Aside from its tropical valleys and rugged canyons, Bolivia is known for its altitude. The national capital, La Paz, touches the sky at 11,910 feet (3,630 meters) above sea level, making it the world’s highest capital. Bolivia also has one of the world’s largest indigenous populations; about 60 percent are of pure Native American descent. Infrequent contact with neighboring countries has allowed Bolivia to preserve its ancient culture and unique lifestyle.
In fact, Bolivian traditions have seen little change in the past hundred years. Customs and attire are heavily influenced by the altitude, with local women making thick, colorful attire from llama wool and carefully-crafted Borselino hats. The national capital of La Paz has a population of over 1 million and counting, yet traditional customs still thrive between the city’s surrounding cliffs and soaring high-rises. In the eastern part of the country, exotic Amazon forests give way to Santa Cruz—Bolivia’s second largest city—where rich history is preserved in the old town colonial architecture.